According to the Samyutta Nikaya 17:23, the Buddha said:
“Bhikkhus, dreadful are gain, honour, and praise. A faithful female lay follower, rightly imploring her only son, dear and beloved, might implore him thus: ‘Dear, you should become like Citta the householder and Hatthaka of Alavaka’ – for this is the standard and criterion for my male disciples who are lay followers, that is, Citta the householder and Hatthaka of Alavaka.
‘But if, dear, you go forth from the household life into homelessness, you should become like Sariputta and Moggallana’ – for this is the standard and criterion for my male disciples who are bhikkhus, that is, Sariputta and Moggallana.
‘While, dear, you are a trainee, one who has not yet reached his mind’s ideal, may gain, honour, and praise not come upon you!’
“Bhikkhus, if gain, honour, and praise come upon a bhikkhu while he is a trainee, one who has not yet reached his mind’s ideal, this is. an obstacle for him. So dreadful, bhikkhus, are gain, honour, and praise . . . . Thus should you train yourselves.
From this statement alone, we can see that the guiding principles and standards for laypeople and monastics/bhikksus are different.
This is further explained by the Buddha in SN2:14
“Now I will tell you the layman’s duty. Following it a lay-disciple would be virtuous; for it is not possible for one occupied with the household life to realize the complete bhikkhu practice (dhamma).
“He should not kill a living being, nor cause it to be killed, nor should he incite another to kill. Do not injure any being, either strong or weak, in the world.
“A disciple should avoid taking anything from anywhere knowing it (to belong to another). He should not steal nor incite another to steal. He should completely avoid theft.
“A wise man should avoid unchastity as (he would avoid falling into) a pit of glowing charcoal. If unable to lead a celibate life, he should not go to another’s wife.
“Having entered a royal court or a company of people he should not speak lies. He should not speak lies (himself) nor incite others to do so. He should completely avoid falsehood.
“A layman who has chosen to practice this Dhamma should not indulge in the drinking of intoxicants. He should not drink them nor encourage others to do so; realizing that it leads to madness. Through intoxication foolish people perform evil deeds and cause other heedless people to do likewise. He should avoid intoxication, this occasion for demerit, which stupefies the mind, and is the pleasure of foolish people.Do not kill a living being; do not take what is not given; do not speak a lie; do not drink intoxicants; abstain from sexual intercourse; do not eat food at night, at the wrong time; do not wear flower-garlands nor use perfumes; use the ground as a bed or sleep on a mat.
“This is called the eight-factored observance made known by the Awakened One who has reached the end of suffering.
“With a gladdened mind observe the observance day (uposatha), complete with its eight factors, on the fourteenth, fifteenth and eighth days of the (lunar) fortnight and also the special holiday of the half month. In the morning, with a pure heart and a joyful mind, a wise man, after observing the uposatha, should distribute suitable food and drink to the community of bhikkhus. He should support his mother and father as his duty and engage in lawful trading. A layman who carries this out diligently goes to the devas called “Self-radiant.”
Therefore, the precepts for a layperson would differ from a monastic’s slightly.
Extra references on Citta:
- AN1:14 – Buddha praised Citta as one of three foremost in expounding the Dharma.
- Jataka 488 – Servant of Bodhisatta in former life, following him into homelessness.
- SN41:5 – Kamabhu & Citta’s conversation.
- SN41:3 – Citta’s request for exposition of Brahmajala Sutta
- SN41:6 – Citta asked Kamabhu 11 questions on the three types of sankhara-formations and their cessation.
- SN41:1 – Citta declared fetters and sense objects are different.
- SN41:5 – Citta explains a stanza (on a chariot) by the Buddha
- SN41:7 – Citta explains the difference between the immeasurable liberation of mind, the unattached liberation of mind, the void liberation of mind, and the signless liberation of mind.
- SN41:8 – Citta’s debate with Nataputta, leader of the Jains.
- SN41:9 – Citta’s encounter with the naked ascetic Kassapa.
- SN41:10 – Citta relates circumstances of his death, talking to unseen devas.
- Citta was married. His sensual pleasures was driven forcefully and as he went to the monastery to repent, his previous monkhood blossomed and he attained to stream-entry. He then attained the four jhanas and signless mind unification.
- AN6:60 – Mahakotthita talked about states of mind that are excellent as long as they last, but as soon as the bliss wanes, his heart fills with greed and gives up the monk training. The security in jhanas is what leads to his ruin.